Jean-Bernard Damasse

Gaze orientation and learning (PhD, 2014-2017)

PhD supervisors
Laurent Perrinet and Anna Montagnini,
STATE OF THE ART AND OBJECTIVES

In the continuous flow of sensory evidence, cognitive systems must provide rapid behavioral choices across different time scales. For instance, seeing a moving object may result in various responses such as catching or avoiding collision depending on the trajectory and the nature of the object, but also depending on the recent experience and the expectations associated with that object and its motion properties. The principal goal of the larger scientific project in which this PhD thesis is inscribed (see ANR-REM project) is the analysis of reinforcement learning processes in the domain of voluntary eye movements (saccades and smooth pursuit eye movements) in humans. Within this PhD project we will use a dual approach, based on behavioural experiments on human subjects and on computational modelling of the experimental data, in order to address this important question, with a particular emphasis on the time course of learning effects and on the hypothesised role of probabilistic inference as underlying mechanism.
Visually driven eye movements provide an ideal experimental preparation to probe sensorimotor behavior across different time-scales, processing levels (from sensory encoding to the final categorical choice) and movement repertoire (e.g. smooth pursuit and saccades). In addition, a remarkable flexibility of oculomotor behaviors has been highlighted by manipulating the expectancy for sensory features or the outcome associated to particular motor responses.

List of publications

  • Jean-Bernard Damasse, Laurent Perrinet, Jeremie Jozefowiez, Laurent Madelain, Anna Montagnini. Operant reinforcement versus reward expectancy: effects on anticipatory eye movements, URL URL2 . In Proceedings of VSS, pages 1356. The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2016 abstract.

  • Jean-Bernard Damasse, Anna Montagnini, Laurent U. Perrinet. Modeling the effect of dynamic contingencies on anticipatory eye movements, URL . In Proceedings of ECVP, pages 2P044. 2016 abstract.

  • Jean-Bernard Damasse, Laurent Madelain, Laurent Perrinet, Anna Montagnini. Anticipatory smooth eye movements and reinforcement, URL URL2 . In Proceedings of VSS, The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2015 abstract.

  • Jean-Bernard Damasse, Laurent Madelain, Laurent Perrinet, Anna Montagnini. Anticipatory smooth eye movements as operant behavior, URL . In Proceedings of GDR Vision (Lyon, France), 2015 abstract.

  • Jean-Bernard Damasse, Laurent Madelain, Laurent Perrinet, Anna Montagnini. On the nature of anticipatory eye movements and the factors affecting them, URL . In Proceedings of GDR Vision (Lyon, France), 2014 abstract.


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